By Stuart Macintyre
Australia is the final continent to be settled via Europeans, however it additionally sustains a humans and a tradition tens of millions years previous. for far of the prior two hundred years the rookies have sought to exchange the outdated with the hot. This publication tells how they imposed themselves at the land, and taken expertise, associations and ideas to make it their very own. It relates the improvement from penal colony to a filthy rich unfastened kingdom and illustrates how, as a kingdom created by way of waves of beginners, the hunt for binding traditions was once lengthy annoyed by means of the sensation of rootlessness, till it got here to phrases with its origins. The 3rd version of this acclaimed publication recounts the foremost components - social, financial and political - that experience formed modern day Australia. It covers the increase and fall of the Howard govt, the 2007 election and the apology to the stolen new release. greater than ever prior to, Australians draw at the previous to appreciate their destiny.
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Additional info for A Concise History of Australia (Cambridge Concise Histories)
Merchants brought pork from Tahiti, potatoes from New Zealand, rum from Bengal. They col lected and re-exported sandalwood from Fiji, pearl-shell and beche de-mer from the Melanesian islands. The tang of tar and salt air, the cry of seabirds, preceded the smell of the gumleaf and the magpie's ragged carol. The officers of the colony had a head start in trade, though they were soon joined by enterprising ex-convicts and ambitious younger men lured from mercantile operations in other parts of the British Empire by fresh opportunity.
The governor used freely his prerogative to pardon convicts for good conduct; he continued to provide them with grants of land on the expiry of their sentences, and he favoured their agriculture over the pastoral interests of the large landowners. Macquarie was especially indulgent towards educated and suc cessful emancipists such as the surgeon William Redfern, the archi tect Francis Greenway, the merchant Simeon Lord and the poet laureate Michael Robinson. ' asked a British treasury official in I 8 20.
He thought at first that the spearing and clubbing of strag glers was caused by 'a spirit of malignant levity', but subsequent experience led him to 'conclude that the unprovoked outrages com mitted upon them by unprincipled individuals among us caused the evils we had experienced'. Another perceived that as long as the Aborigines 'entertained the idea of our having dispossessed them of their residences, they must always consider us as enemies'. In striking contrast to its practice elsewhere, the British government took possession of eastern Australia (and later the rest of the continent) by a simple proclamation of sovereignty.
A Concise History of Australia (Cambridge Concise Histories) by Stuart Macintyre