By Roger A. Freeman
One of many first Thunderbolt teams to determine motion within the ecu Theatre of Operations (ETO) with the USA military Air Forces, the 56th Fighter crew (FG) used to be additionally the one fighter unit in the 8th Air strength to stay outfitted with the powerful P-47 till war’s finish. Led via the inspirational ‘Hub’ Zemke, this workforce was once accountable for devising a number of the bomber escort strategies hired via VIII Fighter Command among 1943 and 1945. via VE-Day the 56th FG had shot down a hundred extra enemy plane than the other workforce within the 8th Air strength, its pilots being credited with 677 kills in the course of 447 missions. The exploits of this elite fighter unit are exact during this quantity including photos, their plane profiles and insignia.
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Extra info for 56th Fighter Group (Osprey Aviation Elite, Volume 2)
Automatic weapons, artillery, mortars, and rockets (in later campaigns) were brought to bear as the assault troops struggled to gain a foothold. Often disorganized, suffering heavy casualties, with sporadic communication to request ﬁre support, the invaders would push inland in small groups knocking out pillboxes, foxholes, and caves. While most Japanese died defending their positions as ordered, units and individuals were sometimes directed to withdraw and would reinforce subsequent positions.
Over 30 HMGs are noted, indicating that it was heavily reinforced by independent machine gun battalion elements. Not all 50mm grenade dischargers are indicated. Note that the scattered mine symbols represent mined areas and not individual mines. Some 40 light and heavy machine guns directly cover the beaches. A number of positions allow enﬁlading ﬁre down the beaches to hit landing troops from the ﬂanks. Numerous intermediate positions are behind those covering the beaches, while a second line of defense is located on the ridges to the east of Miyagusuku and Yafusu with that line backed by still other positions along higher ridges.
As with fortiﬁcations, Japanese obstacles were constructed largely of local materials and local initiative was used in their design. Anti-personnel obstacles were mainly made of barbed wire, stakes, and posts. Anti-vehicle and anti-boat obstacles were more robust, comprising concrete and girder pilings, heavy timber and post pilings, logs, boulders, wrecked vehicles, wide and deep AT ditches, wall-like barricades, and such like. Natural obstacles were terrain features that denied or restricted movement and were especially effective against vehicles, as well as slowing foot troops.
56th Fighter Group (Osprey Aviation Elite, Volume 2) by Roger A. Freeman